What you should learn and remember from this lesson is the following:
Hand-held fire extinguishers discharge an extinguishing agent for 8 to 25 seconds with a range of 1,5 to 4,0 meters, depending the type and capacity.
During this short period it is essential to select the appropriate fire extinguisher and use it effectively.
There are different types of fire extinguishers:
Other types of fire extinguishers, mainly used on ground:
Halon fire extinguishers are only allowed in aircraft and submarines. They are 3 times as effective as CO2 fire extinguishers that contain the same amount of extinguishing agent.
Protective Breathing Equipment (PBE) is designed to protect the cabin crew from smoke, toxic fumes and gases. There are many different types of PBE’s. PBE’s are equipped with an oxygen generator in order to provide fresh oxygen to the user.
The cabin crew can still communicate amongst themselves as well as with the flight crew and passengers while using the PA.
Fire gloves are fire retardant. There are many different types. These gloves give protection to hands and arms against heat.
A PED containment device can be used to stow a cooled down (only when safe!) ‘Portable Electronic Device’ (PED’s) such as a laptop, tablet, e-reader, smartphone, etc.
The PED containment device pretends to be explosion proof.
This is not (yet) standard equipment on board of every aircraft. Check if your aircraft is equipped with a PED containment device and what is included.
The crash axe and crowbar are used to get access to fire sources behind panels.
The handle of the crash axe is insulated against electrical shock.
The crash axe is often stowed in the cockpit.